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Chapter 21. Separation Anxiety Disorder and School Refusal

Gail A. Bernstein, M.D.; Andrea M. Victor, Ph.D.
DOI: 10.1176/appi.books.9781585623921.460080

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Excerpt

Separation anxiety disorder (SAD) is the only anxiety disorder in DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association 1994) and its text revision, DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association 2000), that is included under the category of disorders usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence. The onset of the disorder is prior to 18 years of age, and it is not typically diagnosed in adulthood. School refusal is a symptom, not a diagnosis, in DSM-IV but is often associated with anxiety and/or mood disorders. It is also restricted to childhood and adolescence.

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Table Reference Number
TABLE 21–1. DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for separation anxiety disorder
Table Reference Number
TABLE 21–2. Comorbidity rates in separation anxiety disorder
Table Reference Number
TABLE 21–3. Characteristics of school refusal

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All of the following statements regarding separation anxiety disorder (SAD) are correct except
2.
Which of the following statements regarding the epidemiology and comorbidity of separation anxiety disorder (SAD) is false?
3.
According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) practice parameter (2007), effective treatment of children with separation anxiety disorder (SAD) often includes all of the following except
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