PTSD treatment is both pharmacologic (SSRIs) and psychotherapeutic (7). Prolonged exposure psychotherapy and cognitive processing psychotherapy (a cognitive behavioral therapy) are both effective. Although studies show EMDR to be effective, it is its CBT elements that are the effective component. War-related PTSD may not be as responsive to SSRIs. Therefore several trials may be needed. Psychotherapeutic treatments are very effective and can address the complexity of war-related experiences as well as the prominent arousal symptoms. It is important to also focus treatment to symptoms that may not remit, such as sleep problems and to the function and disability which may accompany this complex diagnostic group. Treatment is always a process of treating an illness, i.e., how a disease appears in a particular patient, and targeting all of the elements of the illness: the disorder, symptoms, function, disability, and trajectory over time (8).