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INFLUENTIAL PUBLICATIONS   |    
Bibliography: Personality Disorders
FOCUS 2013;11:214-217. doi:10.1176/appi.focus.11.2.214

This section contains a compilation of recent publications that have shaped the thinking in the field as well as classic works that remain important to the subject reviewed in this issue. This bibliography has been compiled by experts in the field and members of the editorial and advisory boards. Entries are listed chronologically and within years by first author. Articles from the bibliography that are reprinted in this issue are in bold type.

Berghuis  H;  Kamphuis  JH;  Verheul  R:  Core features of personality disorder: differentiating general personality dysfunctioning from personality traits.  J Pers Disord 2012; 26:704–716
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Bloom  JM;  Woodward  EN;  Susmaras  T;  Pantalone  DW:  Use of dialectical behavior therapy in inpatient treatment of borderline personality disorder: a systematic review.  Psychiatr Serv 2012; 63:881–888
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
de Moor  MH;  Costa  PT;  Terracciano  A;  Krueger  RF;  de Geus  EJ;  Toshiko  T;  Penninx  BW;  Esko  T;  Madden  PA;  Derringer  J;  Amin  N;  Willemsen  G;  Hottenga  JJ;  Distel  MA;  Uda  M;  Sanna  S;  Spinhoven  P;  Hartman  CA;  Sullivan  P;  Realo  A;  Allik  J;  Heath  AC;  Pergadia  ML;  Agrawal  A;  Lin  P;  Grucza  R;  Nutile  T;  Ciullo  M;  Rujescu  D;  Giegling  I;  Konte  B;  Widen  E;  Cousminer  DL;  Eriksson  JG;  Palotie  A;  Peltonen  L;  Luciano  M;  Tenesa  A;  Davies  G;  Lopez  LM;  Hansell  NK;  Medland  SE;  Ferrucci  L;  Schlessinger  D;  Montgomery  GW;  Wright  MJ;  Aulchenko  YS;  Janssens  AC;  Oostra  BA;  Metspalu  A;  Abecasis  GR;  Deary  IJ;  Räikkönen  K;  Bierut  LJ;  Martin  NG;  van Duijn  CM;  Boomsma  DI:  Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for personality.  Mol Psychiatry 2012; 17:337–349
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
McMain  SF;  Guimond  T;  Streiner  DL;  Cardish  RJ;  Links  PS:  Dialectical behavior therapy compared with general psychiatric management for borderline personality disorder: clinical outcomes and functioning over a 2-year follow-up.  Am J Psychiatry 2012; 169:650–661
[PubMed]
 
Zanarini  MC;  Frankenburg  FR;  Reich  DB;  Fitzmaurice  G:  Attainment and stability of sustained symptomatic remission and recovery among patients with borderline personality disorder and axis II comparison subjects: a 16-year prospective follow-up study.  Am J Psychiatry 2012; 169:476–483
[PubMed]
 
Stoffers  JM;  Völlm  BA;  Rücker  G;  Timmer  A;  Huband  N;  Lieb  K:  Psychological therapies for people with borderline personality disorder.  Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012; 8:CD005652
[PubMed]
 
Skodol  AE;  Shedler  J;  Bradley  B;  DeFife  J:  Personality disorders in DSM-5.  Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2012; 8:317–344
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Ansell  EB;  Pinto  A;  Edelen  MO;  Markowitz  JC;  Sanislow  CA;  Yen  S;  Zanarini  M;  Skodol  AE;  Shea  MT;  Morey  LC;  Gunderson  JG;  McGlashan  TH;  Grilo  CM:  The association of personality disorders with the prospective 7-year course of anxiety disorders.  Psychol Med 2011; 41:1019–1028
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Axelrod  SR;  Perepletchikova  F;  Holtzman  K;  Sinha  R:  Emotion regulation and substance use frequency in women with substance dependence and borderline personality disorder receiving dialectical behavior therapy.  Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2011; 37:37–42
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Bender  DS;  Morey  LC;  Skodol  AE:  Toward a model for assessing level of personality functioning in DSM-5, part I: a review of theory and methods.  J Pers Assess 2011; 93:332–346
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Butler  S;  Baruch  G;  Hickey  N;  Fonagy  P:  A randomized controlled trial of multisystemic therapy and a statutory therapeutic intervention for young offenders.  J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2011; 50:1220–35
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Crawford  MJ;  Koldobsky  N;  Mulder  R;  Tyrer  P:  Classifying personality disorder according to severity.  J Pers Disord 2011; 25:321–330
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Gunderson  JG;  Stout  RL;  McGlashan  TH;  Shea  MT;  Morey  LC;  Grilo  CM;  Zanarini  MC;  Yen  S;  Markowitz  JC;  Sanislow  C;  Ansell  E;  Pinto  A;  Skodol  AE:  Ten-year course of borderline personality disorder: psychopathology and function from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders study.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 2011; 68:827–837
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Gunderson  JG:  Clinical practice. Borderline personality disorder.  N Engl J Med 2011; 364:2037–2042
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Hasin  D;  Fenton  MC;  Skodol  A;  Krueger  R;  Keyes  K;  Geier  T;  Greenstein  E;  Blanco  C;  Grant  B:  Relationship of personality disorders to the three-year course of alcohol, cannabis, and nicotine disorders.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 2011; 68:1158–1167
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Hopwood  CJ;  Malone  JC;  Ansell  EB;  Sanislow  CA;  Grilo  CM;  McGlashan  TH;  Pinto  A;  Markowitz  JC;  Shea  MT;  Skodol  AE;  Gunderson  JG;  Zanarini  MC;  Morey  LC:  Personality assessment in DSM-5: empirical support for rating severity, style, and traits.  J Pers Disord 2011; 25:305–320
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Leichsenring F, Leibing E, Kruse J, New AS, Leweke F: Borderline personality disorder.  Lancet 2011; 377:74–84
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Morey  LC;  Berghuis  H;  Bender  DS;  Verheul  R;  Krueger  RF;  Skodol  AE:  Toward a model for assessing level of personality functioning in DSM-5, part II: empirical articulation of a core dimension of personality pathology.  J Pers Assess 2011; 93:347–353
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Ripoll LH, Triebwasser J, Siever LJ: Evidence-based pharmacotherapy for personality disorders.  Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 2011; 14:1257–1288
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Shanks  C;  Pfohl  B;  Blum  N;  Black  DW:  Can negative attitudes toward patients with borderline personality disorder be changed? The effect of attending a STEPPS workshop.  J Pers Disord 2011; 25:806–812
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Skodol  AE;  Grilo  CM;  Keyes  KM;  Geier  T;  Grant  BF;  Hasin  DS:  Relationship of personality disorders to the course of major depressive disorder in a nationally representative sample.  Am J Psychiatry 2011; 168:257–264
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Tyrer  P;  Crawford  M;  Mulder  R;  Blashfield  R;  Farnam  A;  Fossati  A;  Kim  Y-R;  Koldobsky  N;  Lecic-Tosevski  D;  Ndetei  D;  Swales  M;  Clark  LA;  Reed  GM:  The rationale for the reclassification of personality disorder in the 11th revision of the international classification of diseases (ICD-11).  Pers Ment Health 2011; 5:246–259
[CrossRef]
 
Weinberg  I;  Ronningstam  E;  Goldblatt  MJ;  Schechter  M;  Maltsberger  JT:  Common factors in empirically supported treatments of borderline personality disorder.  Curr Psychiatry Rep 2011; 13:60–68
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Davidson  KM;  Tyrer  P;  Norrie  J;  Palmer  SJ;  Tyrer  H:  Cognitive therapy v. usual treatment for borderline personality disorder: prospective 6-year follow-up.  Br J Psychiatry 2010; 197:456–462
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Doering  S;  Hörz  S;  Rentrop  M;  Fischer-Kern  M;  Schuster  P;  Benecke  C;  Buchheim  A;  Martius  P;  Buchheim  P:  Transference-focused psychotherapy v. treatment by community psychotherapists for borderline personality disorder: randomised controlled trial.  Br J Psychiatry 2010; 196:389–395
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Grilo  CM;  Stout  RL;  Markowitz  JC;  Sanislow  CA;  Ansell  EB;  Skodol  AE;  Bender  DS;  Pinto  A;  Shea  MT;  Yen  S;  Gunderson  JG;  Morey  LC;  Hopwood  CJ;  McGlashan  TH:  Personality disorders predict relapse after remission from an episode of major depressive disorder: a 6-year prospective study.  J Clin Psychiatry 2010; 71:1629–1635
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Lieb  K;  Völlm  B;  Rücker  G;  Timmer  A;  Stoffers  JM:  Pharmacotherapy for borderline personality disorder: Cochrane systematic review of randomised trials.  Br J Psychiatry 2010; 196:4–12[Review]
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Paris  J:  Effectiveness of different psychotherapy approaches in the treatment of borderline personality disorder.  Curr Psychiatry Rep 2010; 12:56–60
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Pincus  AL;  Lukowitsky  MR:  Pathological narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder.  Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2010; 6:421–446
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Stanley  B;  Siever  LJ:  The interpersonal dimension of borderline personality disorder: toward a neuropeptide model.  Am J Psychiatry 2010; 167:24–39
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Bateman  A;  Fonagy  P:  Randomized controlled trial of outpatient mentalization-based treatment versus structured clinical management for borderline personality disorder.  Am J Psychiatry 2009; 166:1355–1364
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Mercer  D;  Douglass  AB;  Links  PS:  Meta-analyses of mood stabilizers, antidepressants and antipsychotics in the treatment of borderline personality disorder: effectiveness for depression and anger symptoms.  J Pers Disord 2009; 23:156–174
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health: Borderline Personality Disorder: The NICE GUIDELINE on Treatment and Management. National Clinical Practice Guideline No. 78. British Psychological Society & Royal College of Psychiatrists 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK55403/
 
Oldham  JM:  Borderline personality disorder comes of age.  Am J Psychiatry 2009; 166:509–511
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Ronningstam  E:  Narcissistic personality disorder: Facing DSM–V.  Psychiatr Ann 2009; 39:111–121
[CrossRef]
 
Siever  LJ;  Weinstein  LN:  The neurobiology of personality disorders: implications for psychoanalysis.  J Am Psychoanal Assoc 2009; 57:361–398[Review]
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Skodol  AE;  Bender  DS:  The future of personality disorders in DSM-V? Am J Psychiatry 2009; 166:388–391
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Bateman A, Fonagy P: 8-year follow-up of patients treated for borderline personality disorder: mentalization-based treatment versus treatment as usual.  Am J Psychiatry 2008; 165:631–638
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Blum  N;  St John  D;  Pfohl  B;  Stuart  S;  McCormick  B;  Allen  J;  Arndt  S;  Black  DW:  Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS) for outpatients with borderline personality disorder: a randomized controlled trial and 1-year follow-up.  Am J Psychiatry 2008; 165:468–478
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Dimaggio  G;  Nicolo  G;  Fiore  D;  Centenero  E;  Semerari  A;  Carcione  A;  Pedone  R:  States of minds in narcissistic personality disorder: three psychotherapies analyzed using the grid of problematic states.  Psychother Res 2008; 18:466–480
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Gunderson  JG;  Lyons-Ruth  K:  BPD’s interpersonal hypersensitivity phenotype: a gene-environment-developmental model.  J Pers Disord 2008; 22:22–41
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
King-Casas  B;  Sharp  C;  Lomax-Bream  L;  Lohrenz  T;  Fonagy  P;  Montague  PR:  The rupture and repair of cooperation in borderline personality disorder.  Science 2008; 321:806–810
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Linehan  MM;  McDavid  JD;  Brown  MZ;  Sayrs  JHR;  Gallop  RJ:  Olanzapine plus dialectical behavior therapy for women with high irritability who meet criteria for borderline personality disorder: a double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study.  J Clin Psychiatry 2008; 69:999–1005
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
New  AS;  Goodman  M;  Triebwasser  J;  Siever  LJ:  Recent advances in the biological study of personality disorders.  Psychiatr Clin North Am 2008; 31:441–461, vii
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Pulay  AJ;  Dawson  DA;  Ruan  WJ;  Pickering  RP;  Huang  B;  Chou  SP;  Grant  BF:  The relationship of impairment to personality disorder severity among individuals with specific axis I disorders: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.  J Pers Disord 2008; 22:405–417
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Torgersen  S;  Czajkowski  N;  Jacobson  K;  Reichborn-Kjennerud  T;  Røysamb  E;  Neale  MC;  Kendler  KS:  Dimensional representations of DSM-IV cluster B personality disorders in a population-based sample of Norwegian twins: a multivariate study.  Psychol Med 2008; 38:1617–1625
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Winograd  G;  Cohen  P;  Chen  H:  Adolescent borderline symptoms in the community: prognosis for functioning over 20 years.  J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2008; 49:933–941
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Bender  DS;  Skodol  AE:  Borderline personality as a self-other representational disturbance.  J Pers Disord 2007; 21:500–517
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Clarkin JF, Levy KN, Lenzenweger MF, Kernberg OF: Evaluating three treatments for borderline personality disorder: a multiwave study.  Am J Psychiatry 2007; 164:922–928
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
McMain  S:  Effectiveness of psychosocial treatments on suicidality in personality disorders.  Can J Psychiatry 2007; 52(Suppl 1):103S–114S
[PubMed]
 
McMain  SF;  Pos  AE:  Advances in psychotherapy of personality disorders: a research update.  Curr Psychiatry Rep 2007; 9:46–52
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Zanarini  MC;  Frankenburg  FR;  Reich  DB;  Silk  KR;  Hudson  JI;  McSweeney  LB:  The subsyndromal phenomenology of borderline personality disorder: a 10-year follow-up study.  Am J Psychiatry 2007; 164:929–935
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Zanarini  MC;  Frankenburg  FR:  The essential nature of borderline psychopathology.  J Pers Disord 2007; 21:518–535
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Chapman  AL:  Dialectical behavior therapy: current indications and unique elements.  Psychiatry (Edgmont) 2006; 3:62–68
[PubMed]
 
Davidson  K;  Norrie  J;  Tyrer  P;  Gumley  A;  Tata  P;  Murray  H;  Palmer  S:  The effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy for borderline personality disorder: results from the borderline personality disorder study of cognitive therapy (BOSCOT) trial.  J Pers Disord 2006; 20:450–465
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Giesen-Bloo  J;  van Dyck  R;  Spinhoven  P;  van Tilburg  W;  Dirksen  C;  van Asselt  T;  Kremers  I;  Nadort  M;  Arntz  A:  Outpatient psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder: randomized trial of schema-focused therapy vs transference-focused psychotherapy.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 2006; 63:649–658
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Gunderson  JG;  Daversa  MT;  Grilo  CM;  McGlashan  TH;  Zanarini  MC;  Shea  MT;  Skodol  AE;  Yen  S;  Sanislow  CA;  Bender  DS;  Dyck  IR;  Morey  LC;  Stout  RL:  Predictors of 2-year outcome for patients with borderline personality disorder.  Am J Psychiatry 2006; 163:822–826
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Newton-Howes  G;  Tyrer  P;  Johnson  T:  Personality disorder and the outcome of depression: meta-analysis of published studies.  Br J Psychiatry 2006; 188:13–20
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Kendler  KS;  Czajkowski  N;  Tambs  K;  Torgersen  S;  Aggen  SH;  Neale  MC;  Reichborn-Kjennerud  T:  Dimensional representations of DSM-IV cluster A personality disorders in a population-based sample of Norwegian twins: a multivariate study.  Psychol Med 2006; 36:1583–1591
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Levy  KN;  Meehan  KB;  Kelly  KM;  Reynoso  JS;  Weber  M;  Clarkin  JF;  Kernberg  OF:  Change in attachment patterns and reflective function in a randomized control trial of transference-focused psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder.  J Consult Clin Psychol 2006; 74:1027–1040
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Levy  KN;  Clarkin  JF;  Yeomans  FE;  Scott  LN;  Wasserman  RH;  Kernberg  OF:  The mechanisms of change in the treatment of borderline personality disorder with transference focused psychotherapy.  J Clin Psychol 2006; 62:481–501
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Linehan  MM;  Comtois  KA;  Murray  AM;  Brown  MZ;  Gallop  RJ;  Heard  HL;  Korslund  KE;  Tutek  DA;  Reynolds  SK;  Lindenboim  N:  Two-year randomized controlled trial and follow-up of dialectical behavior therapy vs therapy by experts for suicidal behaviors and borderline personality disorder.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 2006; 63:757–766
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Oldham JM: Borderline personality disorder and suicidality.  Am J Psychiatry 2006; 163:20–26
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Westen D, Shedler J, Bradley R: A prototype approach to personality disorder diagnosis.  Am J Psychiatry 2006; 163:846–856
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Grilo  CM;  Sanislow  CA;  Shea  MT;  Skodol  AE;  Stout  RL;  Gunderson  JG;  Yen  S;  Bender  DS;  Pagano  ME;  Zanarini  MC;  Morey  LC;  McGlashan  TH:  Two-year prospective naturalistic study of remission from major depressive disorder as a function of personality disorder comorbidity.  J Consult Clin Psychol 2005; 73:78–85
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Livesley  WJ:  Principles and strategies for treating personality disorder.  Can J Psychiatry 2005; 50:442–450
[PubMed]
 
Oldham  JM. Guideline Watch: Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients With Borderline Personality Disorder. American Psychiatric Association. March 2005(Reprinted in FOCUS 2005;3:396–400)
 
Salvatore  G;  Nicolò  G;  Dimaggio  G:  Impoverished dialogical relationship patterns in paranoid personality disorder.  Am J Psychother 2005; 59:247–265
[PubMed]
 
Skodol  AE;  Oldham  JM;  Bender  DS;  Dyck  IR;  Stout  RL;  Morey  LC;  Shea  MT;  Zanarini  MC;  Sanislow  CA;  Grilo  CM;  McGlashan  TH;  Gunderson  JG:  Dimensional representations of DSM-IV personality disorders: relationships to functional impairment.  Am J Psychiatry 2005; 162:1919–1925
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Agrawal  HR;  Gunderson  J;  Holmes  BM;  Lyons-Ruth  K:  Attachment studies with borderline patients: a review.  Harv Rev Psychiatry 2004; 12:94–104
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Black  DW;  Blum  N;  Pfohl  B;  Hale  N:  Suicidal behavior in borderline personality disorder: prevalence, risk factors, prediction, and prevention.  J Pers Disord 2004; 18:226–239
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Bohus  M;  Haaf  B;  Simms  T;  Limberger  MF;  Schmahl  C;  Unckel  C;  Lieb  K;  Linehan  MM:  Effectiveness of inpatient dialectical behavioral therapy for borderline personality disorder: a controlled trial.  Behav Res Ther 2004; 42:487–499
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Goodman  M;  New  A;  Siever  L:  Trauma, genes, and the neurobiology of personality disorders.  Ann N Y Acad Sci 2004; 1032:104–116
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Gunderson  JG;  Morey  LC;  Stout  RL;  Skodol  AE;  Shea  MT;  McGlashan  TH;  Zanarini  MC;  Grilo  CM;  Sanislow  CA;  Yen  S;  Daversa  MT;  Bender  DS:  Major depressive disorder and borderline personality disorder revisited: longitudinal interactions.  J Clin Psychiatry 2004; 65:1049–1056
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Gunderson  JG;  Morey  LC;  Stout  RL;  Skodol  AE;  Shea  MT;  McGlashan  TH;  Zanarini  MC;  Grilo  CM;  Sanislow  CA;  Yen  S;  Daversa  MT;  Bender  DS: Major Depressive Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder Revisited: Longitudinal Interactions. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2004; US, Physicians Postgraduate Press. 65: 1049-1056.
 
Lenzenweger  MF;  Johnson  MD;  Willett  JB:  Individual growth curve analysis illuminates stability and change in personality disorder features: the longitudinal study of personality disorders.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 2004; 61:1015–1024
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Oldham  JM;  Bender  DS;  Skodol  AE;  Dyck  IR;  Sanislow  CA;  Yen  S;  Grilo  CM;  Shea  MT;  Zanarini  MC;  Gunderson  EJ;  McGlashan  TH:  Testing an APA practice guideline: symptom-targeted medication utilization for patients with borderline personality disorder.  J Psychiatr Pract 2004; 10:156–161
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Shea  MT;  Stout  RL;  Yen  S;  Pagano  ME;  Skodol  AE;  Morey  LC;  Gunderson  JG;  McGlashan  TH;  Grilo  CM;  Sanislow  CA;  Bender  DS;  Zanarini  MC:  Associations in the course of personality disorders and Axis I disorders over time.  J Abnorm Psychol 2004; 113:499–508
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Tyrer  P;  Tom  B;  Byford  S;  Schmidt  U;  Jones  V;  Davidson  K;  Knapp  M;  MacLeod  A;  Catalan  JPOPMACT Group:  Differential effects of manual assisted cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of recurrent deliberate self-harm and personality disturbance: the POPMACT study.  J Pers Disord 2004; 18:102–116
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Bender  DS;  Farber  BA;  Sanislow  CA;  Dyck  IR;  Geller  JD;  Skodol  AE:  Representations of therapists by patients with personality disorders.  Am J Psychother 2003; 57:219–236
[PubMed]
 
Gunderson  JG;  Bender  D;  Sanislow  C;  Yen  S;  Rettew  JB;  Dolan-Sewell  R;  Dyck  I;  Morey  LC;  McGlashan  TH;  Shea  MT;  Skodol  AE:  Plausibility and possible determinants of sudden “remissions” in borderline patients.  Psychiatry 2003; 66:111–119
[PubMed]
 
Hollander  E;  Tracy  KA;  Swann  AC;  Coccaro  EF;  McElroy  SL;  Wozniak  P;  Sommerville  KW;  Nemeroff  CB:  Divalproex in the treatment of impulsive aggression: efficacy in cluster B personality disorders.  Neuropsychopharmacology 2003; 28:1186–1197
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Leichsenring  F;  Leibing  E:  The effectiveness of psychodynamic therapy and cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of personality disorders: a meta-analysis.  Am J Psychiatry 2003; 160:1223–1232
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Verheul  R;  Van Den Bosch  LM;  Koeter  MW;  De Ridder  MA;  Stijnen  T;  Van Den Brink  W:  Dialectical behaviour therapy for women with borderline personality disorder: 12-month, randomised clinical trial in The Netherlands.  Br J Psychiatry 2003; 182:135–140
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
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