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INFLUENTIAL PUBLICATIONS   |    
Bibliography: for Personality and Temperament
FOCUS 2010;8:222-225.

This section contains a compilation of recent publications that have shaped the thinking in the field as well as classic works that remain important to the subject reviewed in this issue. This bibliography has been compiled by experts in the field and members of the editorial and advisory boards. Entries are listed chronologically and within years by first author. Articles from the bibliography that are reprinted in this issue are in bold type.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Morey LC, Shea MT, Markowitz JC, Stout RL, Hopwood CJ, Gunderson JG, Grilo CM, McGlashan TH, Yen S, Sanislow CA, Skodol AE: State effects of major depression on the assessment of personality and personality disorder.  Am J Psychiatry 2010; 161:528—535
 
Cloninger CR: Assessment of personality, in  New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry , 2nd ed. Edited by Gelder M, Andreasen N, Lopez-Ibor J, Geddes J.  Oxford, UK,  Oxford University Press, 2009
 
Cloninger CR, Svrakic DM: Personality disorders, in  Kaplan & Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry , 9th ed. Edited by Sadock BJ, Sadock VA.  Philadelphia,  Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009
 
Gunderson JG: Borderline personality disorder: ontogeny of a diagnosis. Am J Psychiatry 2009; 166:530—539
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Zanarini MC, Weinberoff JL, Frankenburg FR: Defense mechanisms associated with borderline personality disorder.  J Pers Disorder 2009; 23:113—121
[CrossRef]
 
Choi-Kain LW, Gunderson JG: Mentalization: ontogeny, assessment, and application in the treatment of borderline personality disorder.  Am J Psychiatry 2008; 165:1127—1135
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Grucza RA, Goldberg LR: The comparative validity of 11 modern personality inventories: predictions of behavioral acts, informant reports, and clinical indicators.  J Pers Assess 2007; 89:167—187
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Morey LC, Hopwood CJ, Gunderson JG, Skodol AE, Shea MT, Yen S, Stout RL, Zanarini MC, Grilo CM, Sanislow CA, McGlashan TH: Comparison of alternative models for personality disorders.  Psychol Med 2007; 37:983—994
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Cloninger CR: A new conceptual paradigm from genetics and psychobiology for the science of mental health.  Aust NZ J Psychiatry 1999; 33:174—186
[CrossRef]
 
Mulder RT, Joyce PR: Temperament and the structure of personality disorder symptoms.  Psychol Med 1997; 27:99—106
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Mulder RT, Joyce PR, Sellman JD, Sullivan PF, Cloninger CR: Towards an understanding of defense style in terms of temperament and character.  Acta Psychiatr Scand 1996; 93:99—104
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Zuckerman M, Cloninger CR: Relationships between Cloninger's, Zuckerman's, and Eysenck's dimensions of personality.  Pers Individ Differ 1996; 21:283—285
[CrossRef]
 
Cloninger CR: Temperament and personality.  Curr Opin Neurobiol 1994; 4:266—273
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Cloninger CR, Svrakic DM, Przybeck TR: A psychobiological model of temperament and character.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 1993; 50:975—990
[PubMed]
 
Svrakic DM, Whitehead C, Przybeck TR, Cloninger CR: Differential diagnosis of personality disorders by the seven factor model of temperament and character.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 1993; 50:991—999
[PubMed]
 
Cloninger CR: A systematic method for clinical description and classification of personality variants: a proposal.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 1987; 44:573—588
[PubMed]
 
References Container
Rozsa S, Rihmer Z, Gonda X, Szili I, Rihmer A, Ko N, Nemeth A, Pestality P, Bagdy G, Aihassoon O, Akiskal KK, Akiskal HS: A study of affective temperaments in Hungary: internal consistency and concurrent validity of the TEMPS-A against the TCI and NEO-PI-R.  J Affect Disord 2008; 106:45—53
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Akiskal HS, Akiskal KK: In search of Aristotle: temperament, human nature, melancholia, creativity and eminence.  J Affect Disord 2007; 100:1—6
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Grucza RA, Cloninger CR, Bucholz KK, Constantino JN, Schuckit MI, Dick DM, Bierut LJ: Novelty seeking as a moderator of familial risk for alcohol dependence.  Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2006; 20:1176—1183
 
Lara DR, Akiskal HS: Toward an integrative model of the spectrum of mood, behavioral, and personality disorders based on fear and anger traits: II. Implications for neurobiology, genetics and psychopharmacological treatment.  J Affect Disord 2006; 94:89—103
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Lara DR, Pinto O, Akiskal K, Akiskal HS: Toward an integrative model of the spectrum of mood, behavioral and personality disorders based on fear and anger traits: I. Clinical implications.  J Affect Disord 2006; 94:67—87
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Maremmani I, Akiskal HS, Signoretta S, Liquori A, Perugi G, Cloninger R: The relationship of Kraepelinian affective temperaments (as measured by TEMPS-I) to the tridimensional personality questionnaire (TPQ).  J Affect Disord 2005; 85:17—27
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Howard MO, Kivlahan D, Walker RD: Cloninger's tridimensional theory of personality and psychopathology: applications to substance use disorders.  J Stud Alcohol 1997; 58:48—66
[PubMed]
 
References Container
Rettew DC, Althoff RR, Dumenci L, Ayer L, Hudziak JJ: Latent profiles of temperament and their relations to psychopathology and wellness. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2008; 47:273—281
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Anckarsater H, Stahlberg O, Larson T, Hakansson C, Jutblad SB, Niklasson L, Nyden A, Wentz E, Westergren S, Cloninger CR, Gilberg C, Rastam M:The impact of ADHD and autism spectrum disorders on temperament, character, and personality development. Am J Psychiatry 2006; 163:1239—1244
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Rettew DC, Doyle AC, Kwan M, Stanger C, Hudziak JJ: Exploring the boundary between temperament and generalized anxiety disorder: a receiver operating characteristic analysis.  J Anxiety Disord 2006; 20:931—945
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Rettew DC, Stanger C, McKee L, Doyle A, Hudziak JJ: Interactions between child and parent temperament and child behavior problems. Compr Psychiatry 2006; 47:412—420
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Klump KL, Strober M, Bulik CM, Thornton L, Johnson C, Devlin B, Fichter MM, Fassino S, Amianto F, Gramaglia C, Facchini F, Abbate Daga G: Temperament and character in eating disorders: ten years of studies.  Eat Weight Disord 2004; 9:81—90
[PubMed]
 
Halmi KA, Kaplan AS, Woodside DB, Crow S, Mitchell J, Rotondo A, Keel PK, Berrettini WH, Plotnicov K, Pollice C, Lilenfeld LR, Kaye WH: Personality characteristics of women before and after recovery from an eating disorder.  Psychol Med 2004; 34:1407—1418
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Rettew DC, Copeland W, Stanger C, Hudziak JJ: Associations between temperament and DSM-IV externalizing disorders in children and adolescents.  J Dev Behav Pediatr 2004; 25:383—391
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Tillman R, Geller, Craney JL, Bolhofner K, Williams M, Zimerman B, Frazier J, Beringer L: Temperament and character factors in a prepubertal and early adolescent bipolar disorder phenotype compared to attention deficit hyperactive and normal controls.  J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2003; 13:531—543
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
References Container
Grucza RA, Cloninger CR, Bucholz KK, Constantino JN, Schuckit MI, Dick DM, Bierut LJ: Novelty seeking as a moderator of familial risk for alcohol dependence.  Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2006; 30:1176—1183
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Nigg JT: Temperament and developmental psychopathology.  J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2006; 47:395—422
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Joyce PR, McKenzie JM, Luty SE, Mulder RT, Carter JD, Sullivan PF, Cloninger CR: Temperament, childhood environment and childhood psychopathology as risk factors for avoidant and borderline personality disorder.  Aust NZ J Psychiatry 2003; 37:756—764
 
Rothbart MK, Ahadi SA, Evans DE: Temperament and personality: origins and outcomes.  J Pers Soc Psychol 2000; 78:122—135
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Johnson JG, Cohen P, Brown J, Smailes EM, Berstein DP: Childhood maltreatment increases risk for personality disorders during early adulthood.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 1999; 56:600—606
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Kasen S, Cohen P, Skodol AE, Johnson JG, Brook JS: Influence of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders on young adult personality disorder.  Am J Psychiatry 1999; 156:1529—1535
[PubMed]
 
Cloninger CR, Sigvardsson S, Bohman M: Childhood personality predicts alcohol abuse in young adults.  Alcoholism Clin Exp Res 1988; 12:494—505
[CrossRef]
 
References Container
Stanley B, Siever LJ: The interpersonal dimension of borderline personality disorder: toward a neuropeptide model.  Am J Psychiatry 2010; 167:24—39
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Hintsanen M, Pulkki-Raback L, Juonala M, Viikari JS, Raitakari OT, Keltikangas-Jarvinen L: Cloninger's temperament traits and preclinical atherosclerosis: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.  J Psychosom Res 2009; 67:77—84
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Hintsanen M, Puttonen S, Jarvinen P, Pulkki-Raback L, Elovaionio M, Merionen P, Keltikangas-Jarvinen L: Cardiac stress reactivity and recovery of novelty seekers.  Int J Behav Med 2009; 16:236—240
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Siever LJ, Weinstein LN: The neurobiology of personality disorders: implications for psychoanalysis.  J Am Psychoanal Assoc 2009; 57:361—398
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Livesley J: Toward a genetically-informed model of borderline personality disorder.  J Pers Disord 2008; 22:42—71
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Puttonen S, Elovaionio M, Kivimaki M, Koskinen T, Pulkki-Raback L, Viikari JS, Raitakari OT, Keltikangas-Jarvinen L: Temperament, health-related behaviors, and autonomic cardiac regulation: the cardiovascular risk in young Finns study.  Biol Psychiatry 2008; 78:204—210
[CrossRef]
 
Siever LJ: Neurobiology of aggression and violence.  Am J Psychiatry 2008; 165:429—442
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Keltikangas-Jarvinen L, Puttonen S, Kivimaki M, Elovainio M, Rontu R, Lehtimaki T: Tryptophan hydroxylase 1 gene haplotypes modify the effect of a hostile childhood environment on adulthood harm avoidance.  Genes Brain Behav 2007; 6:305—313
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Silbersweig D, Clarkin JF, Goldstein M, Kernberg OF, Tuescher O, Levy KN, Brendel G, Pan H, Beutel M, Pavony MT, Epstein J, Lenzenweger MF, Thomas KM, Posner MI, Stern E: Failure of frontolimbic inhibitory function in the context of negative emotion in borderline personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry 2007; 164:1832—1841
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Lahti J, Raikkonen K, Ekelund J, Peltonen L, Raitakari OT, Keltikangas-Jarvinen L: Novelty seeking: interaction between parental alcohol use and dopamine D4 receptor gene exon III polymorphism over 17 years. Psychiatr Genet 2005; 15:133—139
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Keltikangas-Jarvinen L, Raikkonen K, Ekelund J, Peltonen L: Nature and nurture in novelty seeking.  Mol Psychiatry 2004; 9:308—311
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Gillespie NA, Cloninger CR, Heath AC, Martin NG: The genetic and environmental relationship between Cloninger's dimensions of temperament and character.  Pers Individ Differ 2003; 35:1931—1946
[CrossRef]
 
Gusnard DA, Ollinger JM, Shulman GL, Cloninger CR, Price JL, Van Essen DC, Raichle ME: Persistence and brain circuitry.  Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2003; 100:3479—3484
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Livesley WJ, Jang KL, Vernon PA: Phenotypic and genetic structure of traits delineating personality disorder.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 1998; 55:941—948.
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
References Container
Zanarini MC, Frankenburg FR, Reich DB, Fitzmaurice G: Time to attainment of recovery from borderline personality disorder and stability of recovery: a 10-year prospective follow-up study.  Am J Psychiatry   4 15, 2010doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2009.09081130
 
McMain SF, Links PS, Gnam WH, Guimond T, Cardish RJ, Korman L, Streiner DL: A randomized trial of dialectical behavior therapy versus general psychiatric management for borderline personality disorder.  Am J Psychiatry 2009; 166:1365—1374
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Mulder RT, Frampton CM, Luty SE, Joyce PR: Eighteen months of drug treatment for depression: predicting relapse and recovery.  J Affect Disord 2009; 114:263—270
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Bender DS, Skodol AE, Dyck IR, Markowitz JC, Shea MT, Yen S, Sanislow CA, Pinto A, Zanarini MC, McGlashan TH, Gunderson JG, Daversa MT, Grilo CM: Ethnicity and mental health treatment utilization by patients with personality disorders.  J Consult Clin Psychol 2007; 75:992—999
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Joyce PR, McKenzie, JN, Carter JD, Rae AM, Luty SN, Frampton CMA, Mulder RT: Temperament, character and personality disorders as predictors of response to interpersonal psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression. Br J Psychiatry 2007; 190:503—508
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Cloninger CR: The science of well-being: an integrated approach to mental health and its disorders.  World Psychiatry 2006; 5:71—76
[PubMed]
 
Mulder RT, Joyce PR, Frampton CM, Luty SE, Sullivan PF: Six months of treatment for depression: outcome and predictors of the course of illness. Am J Psychiatry 2006; 163:95—100
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Anderson CB, Joyce PR, Carter FA, McIntosh VV, Bulik CM: The effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy for bulimia nervosa on temperament and character as measured by the temperament and character inventory.  Compr Psychiatry 2002; 43:182—188
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Svrakic DM, Draganic S, Hill K, Bayon C, Przybeck TR, Cloninger CR: Temperament, character, and personality disorders: etiologic, diagnostic, treatment issues.  Acta Psychiatr Scand 2002; 106:189—195
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Bulik CM, Sullivan PF, Carter FA, McIntosh VV, Joyce PR: Predictors of rapid and sustained response to cognitive-behavioral therapy for bulimia nervosa.  Int J Eat Disord 1999; 26:137—144
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Cloninger CR, Svrakic DM: Integrative psychobiological approach to psychiatric assessment and treatment:  Psychiatry 1997; 60:120—141
[PubMed]
 
Tome MB, Cloninger CR, Watson JP, Isaac MT: Serotonergic autoreceptor blockade in the prediction of antidepressant latency: personality variables an response to paroxetine and pindolol.  J Affect Disord 1997; 44:101—109
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Joyce PR, Mulder RT, Cloninger CR: Temperament predicts clomipramine and desipramine response in major depression.  J Affect Disord 1994; 30:35—46
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
References Container
+

References

Morey LC, Shea MT, Markowitz JC, Stout RL, Hopwood CJ, Gunderson JG, Grilo CM, McGlashan TH, Yen S, Sanislow CA, Skodol AE: State effects of major depression on the assessment of personality and personality disorder.  Am J Psychiatry 2010; 161:528—535
 
Cloninger CR: Assessment of personality, in  New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry , 2nd ed. Edited by Gelder M, Andreasen N, Lopez-Ibor J, Geddes J.  Oxford, UK,  Oxford University Press, 2009
 
Cloninger CR, Svrakic DM: Personality disorders, in  Kaplan & Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry , 9th ed. Edited by Sadock BJ, Sadock VA.  Philadelphia,  Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009
 
Gunderson JG: Borderline personality disorder: ontogeny of a diagnosis. Am J Psychiatry 2009; 166:530—539
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Zanarini MC, Weinberoff JL, Frankenburg FR: Defense mechanisms associated with borderline personality disorder.  J Pers Disorder 2009; 23:113—121
[CrossRef]
 
Choi-Kain LW, Gunderson JG: Mentalization: ontogeny, assessment, and application in the treatment of borderline personality disorder.  Am J Psychiatry 2008; 165:1127—1135
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Grucza RA, Goldberg LR: The comparative validity of 11 modern personality inventories: predictions of behavioral acts, informant reports, and clinical indicators.  J Pers Assess 2007; 89:167—187
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Morey LC, Hopwood CJ, Gunderson JG, Skodol AE, Shea MT, Yen S, Stout RL, Zanarini MC, Grilo CM, Sanislow CA, McGlashan TH: Comparison of alternative models for personality disorders.  Psychol Med 2007; 37:983—994
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Cloninger CR: A new conceptual paradigm from genetics and psychobiology for the science of mental health.  Aust NZ J Psychiatry 1999; 33:174—186
[CrossRef]
 
Mulder RT, Joyce PR: Temperament and the structure of personality disorder symptoms.  Psychol Med 1997; 27:99—106
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Mulder RT, Joyce PR, Sellman JD, Sullivan PF, Cloninger CR: Towards an understanding of defense style in terms of temperament and character.  Acta Psychiatr Scand 1996; 93:99—104
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Zuckerman M, Cloninger CR: Relationships between Cloninger's, Zuckerman's, and Eysenck's dimensions of personality.  Pers Individ Differ 1996; 21:283—285
[CrossRef]
 
Cloninger CR: Temperament and personality.  Curr Opin Neurobiol 1994; 4:266—273
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Cloninger CR, Svrakic DM, Przybeck TR: A psychobiological model of temperament and character.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 1993; 50:975—990
[PubMed]
 
Svrakic DM, Whitehead C, Przybeck TR, Cloninger CR: Differential diagnosis of personality disorders by the seven factor model of temperament and character.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 1993; 50:991—999
[PubMed]
 
Cloninger CR: A systematic method for clinical description and classification of personality variants: a proposal.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 1987; 44:573—588
[PubMed]
 
References Container
Rozsa S, Rihmer Z, Gonda X, Szili I, Rihmer A, Ko N, Nemeth A, Pestality P, Bagdy G, Aihassoon O, Akiskal KK, Akiskal HS: A study of affective temperaments in Hungary: internal consistency and concurrent validity of the TEMPS-A against the TCI and NEO-PI-R.  J Affect Disord 2008; 106:45—53
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Akiskal HS, Akiskal KK: In search of Aristotle: temperament, human nature, melancholia, creativity and eminence.  J Affect Disord 2007; 100:1—6
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Grucza RA, Cloninger CR, Bucholz KK, Constantino JN, Schuckit MI, Dick DM, Bierut LJ: Novelty seeking as a moderator of familial risk for alcohol dependence.  Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2006; 20:1176—1183
 
Lara DR, Akiskal HS: Toward an integrative model of the spectrum of mood, behavioral, and personality disorders based on fear and anger traits: II. Implications for neurobiology, genetics and psychopharmacological treatment.  J Affect Disord 2006; 94:89—103
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Lara DR, Pinto O, Akiskal K, Akiskal HS: Toward an integrative model of the spectrum of mood, behavioral and personality disorders based on fear and anger traits: I. Clinical implications.  J Affect Disord 2006; 94:67—87
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Maremmani I, Akiskal HS, Signoretta S, Liquori A, Perugi G, Cloninger R: The relationship of Kraepelinian affective temperaments (as measured by TEMPS-I) to the tridimensional personality questionnaire (TPQ).  J Affect Disord 2005; 85:17—27
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Howard MO, Kivlahan D, Walker RD: Cloninger's tridimensional theory of personality and psychopathology: applications to substance use disorders.  J Stud Alcohol 1997; 58:48—66
[PubMed]
 
References Container
Rettew DC, Althoff RR, Dumenci L, Ayer L, Hudziak JJ: Latent profiles of temperament and their relations to psychopathology and wellness. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2008; 47:273—281
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Anckarsater H, Stahlberg O, Larson T, Hakansson C, Jutblad SB, Niklasson L, Nyden A, Wentz E, Westergren S, Cloninger CR, Gilberg C, Rastam M:The impact of ADHD and autism spectrum disorders on temperament, character, and personality development. Am J Psychiatry 2006; 163:1239—1244
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Rettew DC, Doyle AC, Kwan M, Stanger C, Hudziak JJ: Exploring the boundary between temperament and generalized anxiety disorder: a receiver operating characteristic analysis.  J Anxiety Disord 2006; 20:931—945
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Rettew DC, Stanger C, McKee L, Doyle A, Hudziak JJ: Interactions between child and parent temperament and child behavior problems. Compr Psychiatry 2006; 47:412—420
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Klump KL, Strober M, Bulik CM, Thornton L, Johnson C, Devlin B, Fichter MM, Fassino S, Amianto F, Gramaglia C, Facchini F, Abbate Daga G: Temperament and character in eating disorders: ten years of studies.  Eat Weight Disord 2004; 9:81—90
[PubMed]
 
Halmi KA, Kaplan AS, Woodside DB, Crow S, Mitchell J, Rotondo A, Keel PK, Berrettini WH, Plotnicov K, Pollice C, Lilenfeld LR, Kaye WH: Personality characteristics of women before and after recovery from an eating disorder.  Psychol Med 2004; 34:1407—1418
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Rettew DC, Copeland W, Stanger C, Hudziak JJ: Associations between temperament and DSM-IV externalizing disorders in children and adolescents.  J Dev Behav Pediatr 2004; 25:383—391
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Tillman R, Geller, Craney JL, Bolhofner K, Williams M, Zimerman B, Frazier J, Beringer L: Temperament and character factors in a prepubertal and early adolescent bipolar disorder phenotype compared to attention deficit hyperactive and normal controls.  J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2003; 13:531—543
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
References Container
Grucza RA, Cloninger CR, Bucholz KK, Constantino JN, Schuckit MI, Dick DM, Bierut LJ: Novelty seeking as a moderator of familial risk for alcohol dependence.  Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2006; 30:1176—1183
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Nigg JT: Temperament and developmental psychopathology.  J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2006; 47:395—422
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Joyce PR, McKenzie JM, Luty SE, Mulder RT, Carter JD, Sullivan PF, Cloninger CR: Temperament, childhood environment and childhood psychopathology as risk factors for avoidant and borderline personality disorder.  Aust NZ J Psychiatry 2003; 37:756—764
 
Rothbart MK, Ahadi SA, Evans DE: Temperament and personality: origins and outcomes.  J Pers Soc Psychol 2000; 78:122—135
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Johnson JG, Cohen P, Brown J, Smailes EM, Berstein DP: Childhood maltreatment increases risk for personality disorders during early adulthood.  Arch Gen Psychiatry 1999; 56:600—606
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Kasen S, Cohen P, Skodol AE, Johnson JG, Brook JS: Influence of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders on young adult personality disorder.  Am J Psychiatry 1999; 156:1529—1535
[PubMed]
 
Cloninger CR, Sigvardsson S, Bohman M: Childhood personality predicts alcohol abuse in young adults.  Alcoholism Clin Exp Res 1988; 12:494—505
[CrossRef]
 
References Container
Stanley B, Siever LJ: The interpersonal dimension of borderline personality disorder: toward a neuropeptide model.  Am J Psychiatry 2010; 167:24—39
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Hintsanen M, Pulkki-Raback L, Juonala M, Viikari JS, Raitakari OT, Keltikangas-Jarvinen L: Cloninger's temperament traits and preclinical atherosclerosis: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.  J Psychosom Res 2009; 67:77—84
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Hintsanen M, Puttonen S, Jarvinen P, Pulkki-Raback L, Elovaionio M, Merionen P, Keltikangas-Jarvinen L: Cardiac stress reactivity and recovery of novelty seekers.  Int J Behav Med 2009; 16:236—240
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Siever LJ, Weinstein LN: The neurobiology of personality disorders: implications for psychoanalysis.  J Am Psychoanal Assoc 2009; 57:361—398
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Livesley J: Toward a genetically-informed model of borderline personality disorder.  J Pers Disord 2008; 22:42—71
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Puttonen S, Elovaionio M, Kivimaki M, Koskinen T, Pulkki-Raback L, Viikari JS, Raitakari OT, Keltikangas-Jarvinen L: Temperament, health-related behaviors, and autonomic cardiac regulation: the cardiovascular risk in young Finns study.  Biol Psychiatry 2008; 78:204—210
[CrossRef]
 
Siever LJ: Neurobiology of aggression and violence.  Am J Psychiatry 2008; 165:429—442
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Keltikangas-Jarvinen L, Puttonen S, Kivimaki M, Elovainio M, Rontu R, Lehtimaki T: Tryptophan hydroxylase 1 gene haplotypes modify the effect of a hostile childhood environment on adulthood harm avoidance.  Genes Brain Behav 2007; 6:305—313
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Silbersweig D, Clarkin JF, Goldstein M, Kernberg OF, Tuescher O, Levy KN, Brendel G, Pan H, Beutel M, Pavony MT, Epstein J, Lenzenweger MF, Thomas KM, Posner MI, Stern E: Failure of frontolimbic inhibitory function in the context of negative emotion in borderline personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry 2007; 164:1832—1841
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Lahti J, Raikkonen K, Ekelund J, Peltonen L, Raitakari OT, Keltikangas-Jarvinen L: Novelty seeking: interaction between parental alcohol use and dopamine D4 receptor gene exon III polymorphism over 17 years. Psychiatr Genet 2005; 15:133—139
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Keltikangas-Jarvinen L, Raikkonen K, Ekelund J, Peltonen L: Nature and nurture in novelty seeking.  Mol Psychiatry 2004; 9:308—311
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Gillespie NA, Cloninger CR, Heath AC, Martin NG: The genetic and environmental relationship between Cloninger's dimensions of temperament and character.  Pers Individ Differ 2003; 35:1931—1946
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