Benazzi F: Bipolar disorder—focus on bipolar II disorder and mixed depression. Lancet 2007; 369:935–945
Bauer MS, Simon GE, Ludman E, Unutzer J: ‘Bipolarity’ in bipolar disorder: distribution of manic and depressive symptoms in a treated population. Br J Psychiatry 2005; 187:87–88
Koukopoulos A, Albert MJ, Sani G, Koukopoulos AE, Girardi P: Mixed depressive states: nosologic and therapeutic issues. Int Rev Psychiatry 2005; 17:21–37
Maj M, Pirozzi R, Magliano L, Bartoli L: Agitated depression in bipolar I disorder: prevalence, phenomenology, and outcome. Am J Psychiatry 2003; 160:2134–2140
Goldberg JF, Perlis RH, Ghaemi SN, Calabrese JR, Bowden CL, Wisniewski S, Miklowitz DJ, Sachs GS, Thase ME: Adjunctive antidepressant use and symptomatic recovery among bipolar depressed patients with concomitant manic symptoms: findings from the STEP-BD. Am J Psychiatry 2007; 164:1348–1355
Suppes T, Mintz J, McElroy SL, Altshuler LL, Kupka RW, Frye MA, Keck PE Jr., Nolen WA, Leverich GS, Grunze H, Rush AJ, Post RM: Mixed hypomania in 908 patients with bipolar disorder evaluated prospectively in the Stanley Foundation Bipolar Treatment Network: a sex-specific phenomenon. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2005; 62:1089–1096
Kraepelin E: Manic-Depressive Insanity and Paranoia. Classics in Psychiatry .
Ayer Company, Publishers, Inc., 1921
Frye MA, Helleman G, McElroy SL, Altshuler LL, Black DO, Keck PE Jr, Nolen WA, Kupka R, Leverich GS, Grunze H, Mintz J, Post RM, Suppes T: Correlates of treatment-emergent mania associated with antidepressant treatment in bipolar depression. Am J Psychiatry 2009; 166:164–172
Frye MA, Hellemann G, Suppes T, McElroy SL, Grunze H, Altshuler LL, Keck PE, Kupka R, Nolen W, Leverich G, Post RM: Prevalence rate of mixed depression and its impact on remission: a controlled evaluation.
Presented at the 9th International Conference on Bipolar Disorder,
Patkar A, Gilmer W, Pae C, Filkowski MM, Holtzman NS, Vöhringer P, Whitham EA, Thommi SB, Loebel A, Masand P, Ghaemi NS: A 6 week randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of ziprasidone for the acute depressive mixed state. PLoS (in press).